Being in West Papua and not experiencing a direct contact with local people or tribes living in the remote villages somewhere in the jungle or mountains would mean not being there at all .. we were anticipating this for a long time and our dream finally came true: we managed to reach Papuan villages and meet local people. We did it without a guide, porters and without a non-essential travel permit, thanks to which we saved about 400-500EUR! We followed the trail through the picturesque mountainous Baliem Valley starting our trekking in Kurima heading to Hitugi, and continuing to Userem, Yuarima until we reached Yogosem, a village situated at an altitude of 2500m above the sea level. This would not be possible without learning the basics of Bahasia Indonesia (without learning the language you cannot communicate with local people and will not get to know their culture well), plus our determination and stamina turned out to be be paramount in that experience too 🙂 (the most strenuous trekking path from Yuarima to Yogosem took us about 3.5 hours and all the time we were to trek the steep trail up, and at the end of it we literally had the opportunity to stand in the clouds :)). We didn’t meet any white people on the way during our 4 day trekking and in fact we felt ourselves to be the main attraction for the locals, especially in Yogosem. In this post you will be provided with more details regarding our 4-day adventure including the info how we got to Kurima, and where we slept and ate with locals for 7-8 EUR per day per person! 🙂

Someone could say: ,, I wouldn’t go on a trekking to an unknown valley to traverse 55km alone without a guide, without a porter carrying my 15-20kg backpack and without a travel permit to places far from the Papuan towns. I do not know the language, I can get lost or have problems with getting to the site or even get stuck somewhere in the wilderness and then what ..?! ”. Relax .. There is a way for all these concerns and we hope that thanks to our pieces of advice you will be able to organize a similar ‘’expedition’’ too 🙂 Here are our tips:

1.Learn the basics of Indonesian language, which is really one of the easiest (if not the easiest) Asian languages. Knowing around 50 basic words you will be able to communicate with local people. Feel free to check our separate post including the basic Indonesian vocabulary which will be extremely useful during your adventure in the Baliem Valley. It is worth noting that no matter whether you decide to do the trekking or not, anywhere in Papua or Sulawesi English will be useless if you want to explore these islands yourself without a guide.

2.To reach Wamena in West Papua, where you can start the same trekking like us (Kurima-Hitugi-Userem-Yuarima-Yogosem and back) you need to take a plane from Jayapura (the price is about 25-35EUR one way ). Does it have to be the plane? Unfortunately yes, as there are no roads connecting Wamena and Jayapura. You should remember one important thing: you can not carry more than 10kg of checked baggage per person. We were flying with Wings Air, but our housekeeper from our homestay in Jayapura told us that this is a general rule for all the flights to Wamena. We decided to leave most of our luggage in the Homestay Galpera Papua in Waena near the airport in Jayapura (anyway there is no other way than to come back to Jayapura Airport from Wamena to later leave West Papua). This way we set off to the Baliem Valley with one 8kg larger backpack and one 3-4kg rucksack. Following the only steep trail to Yogosem on the second day we left half of our luggage in the Hitugi village, where we came back on the last night before going back to Kurima. Even if we hadn’t stayed there for a night there wouldn’t have been any problem to do it for free.

3.What about the travel permit? If you talk to some English speaking guides in West Papua, you will be informed that every visitor who decides to go on a trekking to remote areas outside the main cities is required to have a travel permit to be allowed to travel in those areas (Indonesian: surat jalan). The permit costs $ 10 and you can get it in an office in Jayapura or even better: at the police station in Kurima (a copy of your passport will be needed, for which you will probably have to pay additionally). Is the permit really obligatory? First of all, if you go trekking on your own without a guide believe us that no one will check or control any papers, there is not even such a thing as an entrance ticket to the Baliem Valley. In practice it looks like Papuans want to make a tourist pay 10USD but only when he or she themselves will politely come to the office or the police station. The paper doesn’t give you any security while trekking in fact. On one of foreign blogs we read that the there is a lot of conflicting information regarding the fact as whether the travel permit is indeed necessary in the villages surrounding Wamena, and actually starting the trek in Kurima you will not even see any sign telling you that upon entering the valley you need to have a special permit with you … (after passing the famous suspension bridge on the Mugi River)… but of course everyone will do as he or she prefers. Who wants to pay, will pay. We went there assuming that if the police in Kurima had stopped us just before starting the trek, we would of course have bought the permit then and that’s it.

4.What about the guide? Upon landing in Wamena you will be hassled by local guides offering their services. If you want to follow exactly the same trail like us, trust us, you do not have to spend your money on guides. The English speaking guides will charge you from 700.000IDR (50EUR) up to 150EUR for 1 day (providing porters carrying your bags, a cook and accommodation in the villages). The ‘trail’ is not difficult. It’s only at the very beginning that you can get a bit confused because paths from Kurima to Hitugi may fork about 2-3times, but as along the path you will encounter a lot of local people, you just need to mention the magic word ” Hitugi ” to them and they will show you which way to go. You will find more details on this later in the post. The cheapest trekking ‘tour’ would cost you 100-150.000IDR per day (10EUR, but probably not including the accommodation and food) – this is the price many locals would like to get if you agree that they will guide you where you want to go (of course the communication would only be possible in Bahasa Indonesia).

5.What about the food/provision? We propose to have with you 2 large bottles of water for 1 day for 2 people. When you reach the village you will be able to fill up the bottles for the next day with hot boiled water (Indonesian: air panas). Besides, you can take with you some cookies, crackers and jam or peanut butter. Cookies can also be useful  in the villages as you can distribute them to the kids 🙂 The price 150.000IDR (11EUR / the price including 2 people) was the one we paid for the accommodation (Indonesian: tidur) and 2 meals: dinner and breakfast (Indonesian: makan malam & makan pagi). A word of caution: get ready for eating sweet potatoes (Indonesian: kentang manis), rice (Indonesian: nasi), noodles (Indonesian: mie) and corn (Indonesian: jagung) for 4 days. The locals eat noodles from powdered Chinese noodle soups, which (of course) they pour with water (some of them munch them dry, especially children). In the villages you can also buy some avocados from local women – unfortunately we dind’t see any other fruit available there. Michal ate the sweet potatoes, while me when reaching the point of having enough of the potatoes ate some crackers with avocado ”pasta” just after breakfast to fill my stomach 🙂

We hope that your concerns regarding the above points have been quashed. It is now time for some detailed trekking hints, including how much time we had to spend to get to Kurima and the villages:


It is recommendable to take one of the early flights to Wamena from Jayapura. Actually the one around 9 o’clock is enough. Taking into account frequent flight delays you should be on the spot already with your backpack on your back at more or less 11:00. Getting out from the airport go straight ahead until you reach the main road (there is no other way), then turn left and continue straight ahead and finally turn right. It will take you up to 8-10 minutes to reach one of Wamena’s fruit and vegetable markets (Indonesian: pasar). On the left hand side you will notice minibuses. Ask the locals for the one going to Kurima and make sure you will get on the minibus which is ‘’packed with’’ local people. You should pay not more than 20.000IDR (1,50EUR) per person. The ride will be a kind of an adventure especially when a standard road will convert into a gravel bumpy road.

You have 2 options: either sweat buckets inside the vehicle – the way we did when going to Kurima, or jump on the minibus’s roof and feel the wind in your hair during the 30-40min ride (like we did going back to Wamena).

The minibus stops in front of a river which you have to cross walking a wooden decrepit mini-bridge. Then you should get on the next minibus with the same locals.

The price is 10.000IDR (less than 1EUR per person) and after 10 minutes the vehicle stops at a torrent river, which you need to cross.. we got wet up to our thighs there hehe 🙂

Then you’re left with 4-5km to Kurima. You can walk there or bargain a motorbike taxi with a local, we got on one motorbike and paid 20.000IDR (1,50EUR for 2 people) and were dropped off close to the characteristic suspension bridge (Indonesian: jembatan/bridge) on the Mugi river near the police station (Indonesian: kantor polisi).

You should traverse the fields until you get to the bridge and here is where your adventure in the Baliem Valley begins 🙂 From this place you should manage to reach Hitugi trekking about 2.5 hours – it took us exactly this amount of time (just in case: give yourself 3hours to get there). At the beginning the trail goes uphill and don’t be surprised if out of the sudden you find yourself passing through someone’s ‘’farm’’ as many paths lead through villages, then they simply break off and you can go through a clearing near a cottage, pass a football or volleybal field. 🙂

You will often encounter characteristic wooden horns protruding from a fence with steps like the ones on a ladder, which you have to climb, then go down to the other side of the fence and continue trekking following the path 😉

The trek to Hitugi from Kurima seems to be tougher at the start, then the closer you get the easier it is to walk as the trail finally goes downhill.

Here’s the view that greeted us as soon as we got to the village:

We spent a night in such a small house (we were provided with a mattress but had our sleeping bags too). It’s good to have some torch with you too as there is no electricity in the village.

Our bathroom in Hitugi:

Our dinner with a local family:


After eating hot sweet potatoes for breakfast at 6 o’clock and preparing our backpacks (we left half of our luggage in the village) we were ready at 7:00 to set off to Yuarima and Yogosem. The hike at the beginning was very pleasant: for about 1.5 hours we were going downhill until we reached a beautiful Userem village where we met a cute guy from the Dani tribe who upon noticing us left the field for a while (he was working with sweet potatoes). Dani people can be easily recognized thanks to the fact that they don’t wear any clothes all day. The men only cover their penises with so called kotekas (made from a local plant which is first cut and then dried for some time). Unfortunately the Dani people use the fact that they are extremely exotic for the white visitors and demand money for taking pictures with them (but it’s not a fortune, they’re satisfied with: 10.000IDR (Indonesian: sepuluh ribu/less than 1EUR).

The man in the above photo was surprisingly small compared to the others we met. The day before we met another koteka wearer on the way just before reaching Hitugi:    🙂

Passing the Userem village we then had to walk across the suspension bridge to get to the other side of the river – and there we arrived at a small village named Yuarima.

Allegedly you could walk about 30 minutes from a nearby waterfall to get to one of touristy villages of Dani tribe (guided groups of tourists are directed there, always in the same place where the local people are ” prepared ” for their visit). These places are extremely clean, there are on-site gift shops and the locals know that they have to perform a tribal dance around the fireplace to make the white tourists satisfied – and that was the reason why we did not go to any of these villages, we were happy enough to meet quite a few Dani people on the way or working in the field, as already mentioned ;))

From Yuarima you will need to prepare yourself for a tough hike uphill to Yogosem, which can take up to 4-5h (we managed to traverse this route in 3.5 hours). We can not imagine carrying heavy backpacks up to Yogosem. We knew that leaving our luggage in Hitugi was the most appropriate decision. The trail runs through streams, waterfalls and higher hills and mountains. You need to be aware that Yogosem lies at an altitude of 2500m above the sea level. Before we got there we traversed a jungle forest and then found ourselves literally in the clouds 🙂 The Yogosem village itself is located in a valley, so at the end of the hike we were finally coming down the hill and discovered a very nice location of the village surrounded by two waterfalls and possessing its own runway for small planes/avionettes. We wanted to find out the price of an airline ticket to this place, as we heard, that usually tourists get there by plane to later do the trekking from Yogosem, through Yuarima, Hitugi till they reach Kurima. We only heard that we should expect to pay 1 million IDR for a plane ticket from Wamena (less than 100EUR).

The people in Yogosem turned out to be the most sociable, open and communicative right from the start, especially a large group of kids who did not leave us for a moment. As soon as they noticed us entering the village they followed us to a small house where we stayed and soon we found their faces glued to the windows of the house observing our every move. After a moment a large group entered the house 😉 Later Michal was playing football and volleyball with them and showed them some tricks with our waterproof go pro camera; kids stared in disbelief and watched; it was so funny to spend the time with them:)

In Yogosem we paid the same price for accommodation and 2 meals as in Hitugi: 150.000IDR for 2 people, although the host at the beginning quoted 250.000IDR. As you can see, it’s always worth haggling with the locals 🙂


The 3rd day of trekking was already quite pleasant as most of the time we were walking downhill, so the way back to Hitugi took us only 4 hours (instead of 5h). We set off as usual early in the morning (7 o’clock), so we reached Hitugi at 11:00. We were having almost the whole day ahead to enjoy this place, on the first day there was no time for that. As soon as we came to the village a group of children playing in front of the school ran in our direction, we showed them some pictures from trekking and then we were happy to be guided by them to one of campungs (Indonesian word)/ camps located on the hills just above Hitugi. The below photo was taken with our little ‘’guide’’ 🙂 :


From Hitugi we set off to Kurima again at 7 in the morning just after breakfast. This time we said goodbye for good to the friendly folks from the village. As the trek back was easier (most of the time we were going downhill), we reached Kurima in 2 hours! We could actually have stayed in Kurima for the last night instead of staying another night in Hitugi but we had got completely hypnotized by the view around the village so the decision had been obvious for both of us 🙂

The views on the way back to Kurima:

As you have probably noticed, it’s plausible to squeeze the above trekking in 3 days. If you take a break in Hitugi after a 4-hour trek from Yogosem, about an hour later 12am-1pm  you can move in the direction of Kurima, which you should reach at 3pm and you will probably manage to catch one of motorcyclists to give you a ride to the torrent river after which you will reach the place where the first minibus can be taken and later you can take the next one going to Wamena Kota (‘kota’ means ‘city’ in Indonesian language) directly to the market. Why are we against this possibility? Spending a night in Wamena is 3 times expensive than doing it in e.g. Kurima. The tourists are sent to hotels even when asking about cheap accommodation. We tried to find out whether we could sleep in a church, or at someone’s house, but unfortunately all the locals, without exceptions, directed us to the nearest hotels :/  So one night in Wamena cost us the same as 3 nights with full board in the Baliem Valley .. we paid about 35EUR per night (breakfast in form of a bufet was included in the price) in the Baliem Pilamo Hotel, which was located near the airport. Many groups of tourists are sent very often to this hotel before going on an organized trekking with an English speaking guide and that’s where we saw myriads of photos from the package tours.

The villages in the pictures looked like arranged places with souvenir shops (resembling a long neck women Karen village in Chiang Rai in northern Thailand, about which we wrote quite a lot in our post about Chiang Rai). Seeing these pictures we were glad we hadn’t gone to such villages; our experience was real, it was great to spend time with the local people who didn’t dress up to look like savage people to meet white tourists’ expectations and draw money from them at the same time.

On the last day in Hitugi we found some headbands with feathers in the hut belonging to our hosts and we grabbed them just to take some pictures with them 🙂

You have to take into account that nowadays the local people from the villages mostly wear normal clothes, they live without electricity and hot water, use water from the stream, and eat in a ‘kitchen’ with the floor covered with hay and cook in a big casserole set on the fire, but dress quite normally. Of course it’s different when there is a celebration in a village, then you will see them wearing some traditional ‘clothes’. To see incredibly wild tribes, such as people living in the trees, who are considered to be the weirdest in West Papua, you’d have to go with a guide, who would charge you even 80 million IDR/6.000USD for a 2-3 week excursion! (We got this information from our host in the homestay in Waena/near Jayapura). If you want to stay longer in West Papua you can also hike further than Yogosem deeper into the wilderness, where you could possibly meet a Yalimo tribe, allegedly one of the most interesting tribes. Near Wamena there are also other possibilities for trekking, and it’s amazing how this place really is reach in culture and scenic views and has a mass of options to offer to those who love being close to nature and appreciate the uniqueness of the normal local life in West Papua:)

Inviting you also to read our next post (available soon!)  about the local population of West Papua, conspicuous cultural differences, some nice and not so nice memories that we are left with after our visit to the most colourful island of Indonesia  🙂


19 Replies to “West Papua: trekking to villages in the Baliem Valley – DIY with a daily budget of 7-8 EUR per person!”

  1. Hello! Congratulations for this marvellous trek in the Baliem valley! The information you have provided is very useful and is really helping us in our preparation for our Baliem valley trip.
    A question, please: do you have the GPS coordinates/track of your trek?
    Terima kasih!

    1. Hi Adrian! Thanks so much! Unfortunately we don’t have any GPS track of our trek, however, during our trek we were using application which showed us some of the villages such as: Yuarima , Yogosem. We couldn’t find Hitugi [pronounced: hi:tu:gi:/heetooggie] there though, probably because it’s a very small village. But no worries, just say the name of the village you need to reach to those that you encounter on your way and everybody will show you the direction 🙂 Enjoy! 🙂

      1. Hi guys!

        We just arrived back from our Papua travel.

        I just want to thank you once more for your extraordinary blog which helped us a lot in our travel. In fact your blog is THE BEST we could find on the internet. The informations you have provided were MOST ACCURATE and the “50 bahasa indonesian words” you suggested to learn was the best advice ever (even if I have known them before I’ve got to read your blog).

        We recommended your site to every tourist we have met in Baliem Pilamo hotel asking us about tipps for trekking.

        As for me and my wife, we went exactly on the route you two have been.
        But because of the difficulty of our backpacks, the rain and other minor problems we made only Kurima-Hitugi-Yuarima and back. We did sleep 2 nights in Hitugi (and did on the day between the trek without backpack to Yuarima and back), in the house right in front of the house you have stayed. Our “kamar kecil” was the little structure on the photo in front of your house.
        So- thank you once more for your post and your advice and let us admire you for your impressive phisical condition (we needed some 50% more time for every trekking day as you suggested).

        Our travel blog with the Papua story and some pictures (text only in romanian 🙁 ) can be found here:

        Terima kasih!

        1. Wow, your words are so motivating for us! We’re extremely glad you could benefit from our pieces of advice. Many thanks for sharing your experience too! Your blog is really impressive, you’ve traveled to so many countries! We will certainly follow your blog and fanpage (we’ve just found your profile on fb and left a ”like” there:) ). Cheers and wishing you many wonderful trips all over the world!

  2. Think we stayed in the same guesthouses in Hitugi and Yogosem! Funny to relieve our experience through your post 🙂 We continued into the jungle after Yogosem as we wanted to reach Ungurruk. Almost made it, up to Sobharam but we had to fly back from there, as the trail was tidak bissa according to the locals. One of the best treks we ever did!

    1. Wow! Thanks so much for sharing your experience! Sounds like great adventure! We also consider this trek as one of the unforgettable ones we’ve done in our lives. Wishing you even more thrilling treks and adventures ahead!

  3. Hi guys!I’ve been reading about your trip in Baliem valley and I have some doubts about it. My boyfriend and I are planning our honey moon in august-september. We’re going to expend a month going all over Indonesia and our first stop is going to be Papua. Do you think it is to hard to do a 7 days trekking? (last year we made the Everest base camp trek by our own, no guide no porter, but I presume that this trek is even less confortable than the Nepal’s one). Thank you for your attention and congrats for your webpage!!!!!

    1. Hi Estrella! Thank you so much for your pleasant words! 🙂 Actually you’re right, this trek has nothing to do with treks in Nepal. First of all, it’s quite comfortable to do the trekking in Nepal (we did MBC/Mardi Himal on our own), you have quite easy access to food and water (and even other drinks), you can easily communicate with people in English, many trails are clear, you know where to go or you can guess or ask someone at least). In Papua sometimes you don’t know if you’ve taken the right route, trails are not marked sometimes (you’d better use application if you want to go for 7 days and even further than Yogosem), people speak only Bahasa Indonesia (so be prepared and maybe one of our posts related to the most useful Indonesian words might help you or use Google translator offline-Bahasia Indonesia is available there too), water that you’re given is the one from the stream cooked in a pot on the fireplace, you eat only potatoes, rice, noodles (I got allergic to these ones), so you need to have some more food with you: at least some snacks:biscuits, the only fruit that we could buy on our way was avocado; so there are a few inconveniences but it doesn’t mean you’re not gonna make it! 🙂 take powerbanks with you – for 7 days they will be really useful. There is also another option available: you can fly to Yogosem from Wamena in a small plane and later do the trekking further and come back to Yogosem and take the route back through Hitugi, Kurima, to Wamena. Unfortunately it was really hard for us to get the detailed info about it at Wamena airport but maybe you will be luckier 🙂 Good luck and we would be really happy to get some feedback from you after your trip, please write to us on fb or here at our website! Take care! Happy honeymoon! 🙂

  4. Hi, it’s really nice to read your blog. I was born in West Papua and grew up there, but I’ve never went to Baliem Valley before. I get a lot of information from your blog and thanks for that. I’ve read some of your Bahasa Indonesia words and I found out some words miss a letter, for example ‘terima kasih’ instead of ‘trimakasih’. But overall I really appreciate what you guys have achieved. 👍

    1. Glad to hear you’ve enjoyed our ‘West Papua’s posts 🙂 and nice to meet you, Hanifah! I will check for this mistake, although I thought I just put the pronunciation of the word ‘terima kasih’ there 😀 but for sure, if you found the error, it means it should be corrected :)thanks

  5. Hej! Wow Wow Wow! Jestem pod absolutnym wrażeniem waszej podróży! Dokładnie wawmpaj rozmawiałam z moim przyjacielem który zrobił ta sama trasę Ale z przewodnikiem i wydał oczywiście w wiele więcej niż wy. Jedynie co apaj udział w świecie świni(co w sumie jest dziwne gdyż widzę tm święto jako punkt wycieczki w wielu biurach podróży i widział mumnie ) I twierdził że samemu się nie da pokonać tej trasy. A jednak!
    Czy możecie mi powiedzieć skąd przyjacieliście do Papua? Szukam możliwości najtańszego lotu. Z sumie planuje też w tym czasie Filipiny Ale LOT z Filipin tam kosztuje fortunę. Czy mogę prosić o rady dotyczące dolotu? I kolejna rzecz td magiczne 50 słów w ich Jezyku HELP jakie to słowa? Będę wdzięczna za pomoc! I dokładniejsze wskazówki. Bardzo pięknie dziękuję

    1. Hejka! Pieknie dziekujemy! Juz wszystko podajemy. Przylecielismy do Jayapury bodajże z Sulawesi/Celebes z miasta Makassar, a do Makassaru z Denpasar (Bali), radzimy więc szukać lotów na tej trasie. Wtedy jak tam bylismy ceny byly całkiem spoko. Tutaj umieszczamy linka do wpisu z ”magicznymi słowami”, które pomogły nam w komunikacji na Papui 🙂 : . Moze jeszcze ten wpis pomoże co do dokładniejszych wskazówek ” 🙂 jak cos, to pisz 🙂 powodzenia 🙂

  6. Hello, great post, we are going to do that too in November if it is not raining that much, gave us enough information so we are now convinced we are gonna manage to do it ourselves too 🙂 But I am just wondering why you took the same way back? You could skip Userem at the beginning and on a way back you could easily go from Yuarima to Saikama on the other side of the river? So the complete trek would look like this: Kurima – Hitugi – Yuarima – Yogosem – Yuarima – Saikama – Syokosimo – Userem – Kiruma. Any reason behind that? It seems like it is the same distance. Many thanks in advance.


    1. Hey! We were aware of another route but it was not so obvious at that time (we didn’t have any clear map to check that, didn’t show much, probably now it’s easier to arrange it) and we decided that we wanted to spend some more time with the people from the Hitugi village when coming back (we had actually left half the content of our backpacks there before we headed to Yogosem). So glad our tips turned out to be useful, wishing you great adventure! Thank you for your comment. Cheers

      1. OK, thanks for clarification 🙂 If you are doing these independent treks a lot check out mobile app called for Android and iPhone (they have website too with the same details just go to You can download all the maps offline for free on your smartphone. I discovered the alternative route in Baliem valley there. I found those maps very detailed comparing to anything I have ever tried before and they helped us in Guatemala last year. Cheers

        1. Wow! Thanks so much for the tip, we will try this map on our next journey:) have a great time in Balien Valley! Wishing you all the best! Cheers

  7. Wow! This sounds so amazing and with clear directions! However, would you recommend it for a woman on her own to do this? I have travelled quite a lot on my own, mostly avoiding organised group trips, so used to sorting things out etc. I have done some hikes, but never one on my own. Now I am considering to visit Papua and was seeing if there were some hikes I could do and stumbled upon your website. I would love to go into the Baliem valley the way you have done as it sounds doable and safe.

    1. Hi Imana! It’s always safer to have a companion on such a trek. Maybe another woman?:)
      And you should spend a bit of time on learning some basic Bahasa Indonesia vocabulary beforehand as English is useless there, but I guess you’ve already found out the article on this topic on our website:)
      Anyway, let me know what you’ve decided! Would love to know your story:)
      Regards and keep safe, the traveler!

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